The first of the Australian states, it seems only fitting to begin this series by trying to fix the flag of New South Wales. Here's what we have to work with:
If viewed on its own, this flag isn't that bad. The Union Jack ties in the British heritage, as does the lion and cross of St. George. In fact the only thing on this flag that is vaguely Australian are the four stars on the field, stars which are also used on the national flag. The main problem with this flag is that it is almost identical to the flags of the other five states, the only difference being the contents of the seal, so rather than try and tweak this design, I've decided to scrap it and start fresh.
As the state is named New South Wales, I figured I'd start with the flag of Wales (though I've always wondered whether it means a new Wales in the south, or only named after Southern Wales):
This flag is awesome, mostly because of the dragon. Since they use the Welsh name, I thought the folks in Sydney, Newcastle, and Wollongong might like to borrow some Welsh symbols. This was my attempt at an antipodean version:
This quick flip of the colors and dragon orientation is a simple fix, but it packs a lot of meaning into a simple (well, calling that dragon simple is probably a stretch) design. However, I wasn't satisfied and decided to change the color scheme as well. The colors of the Australian national flag are red, white, and blue, but that combo didn't really work, so I went to another set of Australian colors, those used on the flag of the Aboriginal community:
This is an excellent flag and the colors provide a great contrast while conveying a deeper meaning. Here is the final product:
With this flag you get the symbolism of the Aboriginal flag and the Welsh flag, while at the same time utilizing a very unique design, perhaps rivaled only by Bhutan in coolness. I've removed almost all the interior detail of the dragon, excepting the eye and wing outline, and while it wouldn't be too easy to draw, it would be instantly recognizable. This flag also has the added bonus of no longer being interchangeable with the flags of every other Australian state and most other British colonies.